In this ninth appointment with Efiubò, a radio program that give legal support on migrant issues, we talk about public funding for accommodation. Answers to our questions are given by the layer Noris Morandi.
Q. Is it true that for every asylum seeker who arrives in Italy the Italian government allocates funds?
No, it is not true that the Italian government allocates money to each asylum seeker who comes or who is int the Italian territory. Italian institutions give funds only for some accommodation reserved to asylum seekers oand refugees or for some support services (psychological and social assistance, legal advice, accommodation and meals). The places for accommodation should be sufficient but the reality is not this. In Italy, the system of accommodation funded by the state is organized through the Centers for asylum seekers (CARA) and through the Service for asylum seekers and refugees (SPRAR). The CARA are places where asylum seekers are accommodated during the procedure for examining the application for international protection. The SPRAR instead is a system of reception and integration promoted by the Ministry of the Interior and local authorities. Diffused all over the national territory, the Sprar offers accommodation to asylum seekers and refugees without financial support, but only within the limits of accommodation capacities, or within the limits of the number of places set by the Ministry of the Interior. In Italy today, the number of places for the reception of asylum seekers and refugees is much lower than the number of requests.
Q. What about the that help migrants in Italy ? Where do they find money?
The associations for the protection of migrants may have different nature, depending of its statutory and institutional purposes. Often these associations are independent and non-profit organizations. The sources of funding can be varied, as well as the financing needs they have. You ca find very large associations providing for different services and really small one, consisting of a few people. There may be funding both by public and private money. Some associations are funded in part with small amounts of tax payers, but more often the main source of funding is the self-financing (for example registration fees of members, donations from individuals, fundraising activities…) . Often the activities are carried out on a voluntary basis by the members of the association.
Q. If I arrive in Italy as a regular migrant am I entitled to housing?
The Italian law offers accommodation to migrants and his family in very different ways and often it depends on the legal status of the foreign. The law sets out in detail what are the measures to be drawn up by the State, Regions and Local Authorities and says that these measures shall be adequate to meet the housing needs for migrants who can not find a home in the free market. There are, in some cases, accommodation facilities free of charge and, in other cases, hostels or private housing granted at reduced prices. These are all temporary solutions, often not suited to the needs of an entire family but only to those of single persons. An alternative could be the public housing building: foreign with a regular job and in possession of a residence permit of at least two years acan access to public housing with the same conditions of Italian people. For more information, please ask to the local authority office, which may explain how to participate in the call for public housing.
There is an agreement between the Municipality and the Accommodation center for refugees? It is possible to read it?
It depends on the type the accommodation center. Some centers are run in agreement between the City and the organization that deals with managment, other times it is the local authority that manages the reception center, in yet other cases the managing body may have entered into an agreement with the Prefecture or the center can be managed by subcontractors.In any case an agreement must exist and the host of the facility always has the right to access them. It is an important public document and defines the relationship between the funding body and the body that manages the property. In the convention are also defined the services to be provided and the estimated cost for each guest. You can contact the offices of the Municipality, in the case of a reception center managed in collaboration with the municipality, or the management body.
Efiubò is a radio program that answers to the questions and concerns of migrants living in Italy. It will be released every two weeks. If you also have any questions, please write to email@example.com
Efiubò is a project realized with the contribution of otto per mille della Tavola Valdese